TOUR1. VISIT TO THE SAINT PETERSBURG FLOOD PREVENTION FACILITY COMPLEX .
St. Petersburg is known for its floods resulting from the complex interaction of meteorological and hydrological processes. From 1703 to 2009, 306 floods were recorded, that is, water level rise in the Neva delta exceeding the level of the Baltic Sea by more than 1.6 m.
The Saint Petersburg Flood Prevention Facility Complex (unofficially the Saint Petersburg Dam) was created to protect the city from flooding. It is a complex of dams and adjacenthydraulic structures (culverts and sidesteps), stretching across the Gulf of Finland fromBronka to Sestroretsk (Gorskaya settlement), across the island of Kotlin, on which the city ofKronstadt is located. Construction was conducted from 1979 to 2011.
The structure of the the Saint Petersburg Dam includes 11 stone-earth dams, 6 culverts, 2navigable structures, a highway with 2 junctions and 7 bridges, and an automobile tunnel.
The total length of the Saint Petersburg Flood Prevention Facility Complex is 25.4 km,including 22.2 km in the water area.
TOUR 2. VISITING THE ST. PETERSBURG METRO WITH INSPECTION OF THE STATIONS UNDER CONSTRUCTION
The Saint Petersburg Metro is the underground railway system in Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast, Russia. It has been open since 15 November 1955. Formerly known as the V.I. Lenin Order of Lenin Leningrad Metropoliten, the system exhibits many typical Soviet designs and features exquisite decorations and artwork making it one of the most attractive and elegant metros in the world. Serving about 2 million passengers daily, it is also the 19thbusiest metro system in the world.
To date, there are 5 lines of the St. Petersburg metro. The operating length is 113.6 km. The number of stations – 67 (among them 7 interchange nodes), 11 is combined with railway stations or railway stations. The system includes 72 vestibules, 251 escalators and 856 turnstiles. There are 5 operational and one repair depots.
Due to the city’s unique geology, the Saint Petersburg Metro is one of the deepest metro systems in the world and the deepest by the average depth of all the stations. Its description is present in many novels of the “Universe Metro 2033”.
Nine new stations are currently under construction.
In 2015, the Petersburg Metro celebrated its anniversary – our subway turned 60! Over these years, the Leningrad-Petersburg metro has become a true symbol of the city. Without it, neither townspeople nor tourists can imagine their lives. The metropolitan turned into a huge underground city. The Petersburg metro is not just a complex transport complex, it is a living, evolving organism, designed to serve many generations of the inhabitants of the great city.